Mongolia Travel Guide: Explore the Land of the Eternal Blue Sky


Mongolia Travel Guide: Explore the Land of the Eternal Blue Sky

The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.– Mongolian Proverb

Picture yourself in the vastness of Mongolia, where the winds whisper secrets across the endless steppes, and the mountains stand as ancient sentinels guarding untold tales. Mongolia, a land of enigmatic beauty, has long beckoned intrepid travelers with its unique charm. This article offers a captivating glimpse into the land of Genghis Khan and nomadic traditions, explaining why Mongolia is a matchless travel destination that should be at the top of your wanderlust list.

A Brief Overview

Mongolia, often referred to as the “Land of the Eternal Blue Sky,” is a nation located in the heart of Asia, where nomadic culture thrives amidst breathtaking landscapes. Spanning an area that dwarfs many countries, Mongolia is the 18th largest country in the world, and yet it boasts a population density that is among the lowest globally. This remarkable expanse of pristine wilderness, encompassing the Gobi Desert, vast grasslands, and snow-capped peaks, presents an enchanting canvas for adventure seekers, nature enthusiasts, and those curious about the human spirit.


Image by Zhong Peng from Pixabay

Why Mongolia is a Unique Travel Destination

  • Nomadic Traditions and Culture: Mongolia’s nomadic heritage runs deep, and the traditional way of life is still very much alive. Visitors have the extraordinary opportunity to experience the nomadic lifestyle by staying in a ger (yurt), herding livestock, and learning about age-old customs. The warm hospitality of Mongolian nomads will leave an indelible mark on your heart.
  • Stunning Natural Beauty: Mongolia’s landscapes are a work of art crafted by Mother Nature herself. From the ever-shifting sands of the Gobi Desert to the pristine waters of Lake Khövsgöl, and from the rugged Altai Mountains to the expansive grasslands, Mongolia’s scenery is as diverse as it is breathtaking. Wildlife enthusiasts will also revel in the chance to spot rare species such as snow leopards and wild horses.
  • Rich History and Heritage: Mongolia’s history is inextricably linked to the legendary Genghis Khan and the vast Mongol Empire. Visit ancient monasteries, royal palaces, and archaeological sites that preserve this fascinating past. The capital, Ulaanbaatar, houses a wealth of museums, including the National Museum of Mongolia, offering insight into the nation’s captivating history.
  • Adventure Galore: For thrill-seekers, Mongolia offers a playground of adventures. Try your hand at horseback riding, camel trekking, and even eagle hunting, an ancient tradition where trained eagles hunt for their human companions. The country’s pristine landscapes are the perfect backdrop for hiking, trekking, and off-road exploration.
  • Cultural Festivals: Mongolia is famous for its vibrant festivals, such as Naadam, which showcases the “Three Manly Games” – wrestling, horse racing, and archery. Attending these festivities is a window into the heart of Mongolian culture and its reverence for tradition.
  • Unparalleled Stargazing: Thanks to its low population density and minimal light pollution, Mongolia offers some of the world’s best stargazing opportunities. The sight of the Milky Way illuminating the night sky is a humbling experience.

Best Time to Visit Mongolia

Before packing your bags for Mongolia, it’s crucial to understand the best time to visit this enchanting country. Mongolia experiences extreme weather conditions, which can vary greatly depending on the season. The two primary seasons for travel are summer and winter.

  • Summer (June to August): This is the most popular time for tourists to visit Mongolia. The weather is relatively mild, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F). During this season, you can enjoy the stunning landscapes, lush greenery, and participate in various cultural festivals.
  • Winter (December to February): If you’re an adventurer seeking a unique experience, Mongolia’s winter season is ideal. During this period, the temperature can plummet to -30°C (-22°F) or even lower. It’s the perfect time for winter sports and experiencing the traditional nomadic way of life.

Visa and Entry Requirements

Once you’ve decided on the ideal time to visit Mongolia, you need to understand the visa and entry requirements. Depending on your nationality, you might be required to obtain a visa. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Visa Requirement: Most tourists need a tourist visa to enter Mongolia. You can apply for a Mongolian visa at the nearest Mongolian embassy or consulate in your country. It’s recommended to start the application process well in advance.
  • Tourist e-Visa: Mongolia also offers e-visas, which can simplify the application process. Be sure to check if your nationality is eligible for this convenient option.
  • Entry Requirements: Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your intended departure date. Additionally, having proof of travel insurance is advisable.

Packing List for a Winter Adventure

Exploring Mongolia in winter is a thrilling experience, but it’s vital to pack appropriately. Here’s a checklist to help you prepare for your winter adventure:

  • Warm Clothing: Bring insulated clothing, such as down jackets, thermal layers, and waterproof boots, to stay warm and dry in frigid temperatures.
  • Cold-Weather Accessories: Don’t forget essential items like gloves, scarves, hats, and thermal socks to protect yourself from the harsh cold.
  • Gear: If you plan to engage in winter sports like skiing or ice skating, pack the necessary equipment and gear.
  • Medication: Ensure you have any prescribed medication, as well as a well-stocked first-aid kit for emergencies.
  • Electronics: Mongolia’s power outlets are typically Type C and E, so don’t forget adapters and portable chargers.

Destinations in Mongolia

If you’re looking to embark on an unforgettable journey through this remarkable country, keep reading to discover the top destinations that will make your Mongolian travel experience truly exceptional.

Ulaanbaatar: The Capital City

As the gateway to Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar is the ideal starting point for your adventure. This vibrant metropolis combines modernity with traditional Mongolian culture. Explore the Gandan Monastery to witness Buddhist rituals or visit the National History Museum to delve into the country’s rich history. Don’t forget to immerse yourself in the local culinary scene, sampling traditional dishes like khorkhog and buuz. Ulaanbaatar provides a captivating blend of contemporary urban life and Mongolian heritage, setting the stage for your journey into the heart of Mongolia.


The panoramic view of the entire city of Ulaanbaatar, mongolia (Image by jaturunp)

The Gobi Desert: A Unique Landscape

Prepare to be mesmerized by the dramatic and surreal beauty of the Gobi Desert. This otherworldly landscape features rolling sand dunes, towering cliffs, and expansive desert plains. Experience the thrill of camel trekking through the dunes, explore the mesmerizing Flaming Cliffs, and discover ancient dinosaur fossils hidden within the vastness of the desert. The Gobi Desert is an adventurer’s paradise, offering a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to connect with nature in its rawest form.


Woman in traditional Mongolian attire with her bactrian camel. Gobi desert, Mongolia. (Image by kertu_ee from Istock)

Altai Mountains: Trekking and Wildlife

The Altai Mountains, located in the western part of Mongolia, are a haven for outdoor enthusiasts. Towering peaks, lush valleys, and pristine lakes create a picturesque backdrop for trekking, mountaineering, and wildlife spotting. Encounter elusive snow leopards and diverse bird species, all while hiking through this breathtaking wilderness. Whether you’re an experienced mountaineer or a nature lover, the Altai Mountains promise an unforgettable experience amidst Mongolia’s rugged terrain.


(Image by Halstenbach from Istock)

Khuvsgul Lake: Mongolia’s “Blue Pearl”

Known as Mongolia’s “Blue Pearl,” Khuvsgul Lake is a sanctuary of tranquility nestled in the far north of the country. Surrounded by dense forests and rolling hills, the lake offers pristine waters that are perfect for kayaking, fishing, and even swimming during the summer months. Visit local nomadic families and immerse yourself in the unique culture of the region. Khuvsgul Lake is a serene retreat that showcases the beauty of Mongolia’s natural wonders.


(Image byskycandy from Istock)

Terelj National Park: Nature Close to Ulaanbaatar

Just a short drive from Ulaanbaatar, Terelj National Park is a convenient escape into the wild. This park is famed for its striking rock formations, including the iconic Turtle Rock, and its vast open spaces for hiking, horseback riding, and camping. Experience the nomadic way of life by staying in a traditional ger (yurt) and savoring the simple pleasures of nature. Terelj National Park is the perfect getaway for travelers who want to reconnect with the natural world without venturing too far from the capital.

(Image Lucy Brown – loca4motion from Istock)

Winter Wear and Gear for Your Mongolia Travel

Before you set foot in Mongolia, it’s crucial to understand the significance of investing in high-quality winter apparel. Mongolia’s winter can be bitterly cold, with temperatures frequently plummeting well below freezing. To ensure you stay warm and comfortable during your trip, consider the following:

  • Insulation is Key: Quality insulation is your best friend in extreme cold. Look for winter jackets and pants with advanced insulation technologies like down or synthetic fill, which trap heat effectively.
  • Layer Up: Layering is the secret to staying warm in Mongolia. Start with a moisture-wicking base layer to keep sweat away from your skin, add an insulating layer for warmth, and finish with a waterproof and windproof outer layer.
  • Don’t Forget Accessories: Invest in warm accessories like thermal socks, gloves, a cozy hat, and a neck gaiter to protect extremities from the biting cold.
  • Quality Footwear: Ensure your boots are insulated, waterproof, and have good traction. Mongolia’s terrain can be uneven and slippery during winter.
  • Consider Temperature Ratings: Check temperature ratings on your clothing and make sure they are suitable for Mongolia’s frigid climate.

Must-Have Winter Gear for Mongolia

In Mongolia, where the winters are harsh and temperatures can plummet to extreme lows, clothing is not just a matter of style but also a matter of survival. Here’s a description of some essential winter clothing items commonly worn in Mongolia:

  • Puffer Jacket: A puffer jacket is a must-have in Mongolia’s bone-chilling winters. These jackets are insulated with down or synthetic materials, providing excellent warmth while remaining lightweight and easy to move in. They are often windproof and come in various styles and lengths to suit different preferences.

Golden Yellow Lightweight Puffer Jacket | Men

  • Coat: A heavy winter coat is essential for facing the frigid Mongolian winter. These coats are typically long, well-insulated, and offer protection against extreme cold and strong winds. They are often designed with fur-lined hoods for added warmth and protection.

Grey Woollen Trench Coat | Women

  • Sweater: Sweaters made from wool or other insulating materials are worn as mid-layers to keep warm. They are a popular choice for everyday wear and can be easily paired with other clothing items. Mongolians appreciate the natural warmth and comfort that woolen sweaters provide.

Coffee & Burgundy Merino Blend Reversible Sweater|Men

  • Pullover: Pullovers are similar to sweaters but are often thicker and offer additional protection against the cold. They come in various designs and are perfect for staying cozy during the long Mongolian winter.

Doon Black Supima Pullover | Men

  • Thermal Leggings: To keep your lower body warm, thermal leggings are essential. They’re perfect for layering under your pants and will help retain heat, even in the coldest of conditions.

Aqua Merino Wool & Bamboo Thermal Leggings | Women

Unlocking the Heart of Mongolia Travel: Cultural Experiences

Mongolia, a land where ancient traditions thrive and untamed landscapes captivate, offers a unique journey into the heart of Asia’s heritage. As you embark on your Mongolia travel adventure, immerse yourself in a tapestry of cultural experiences that will leave an indelible mark on your soul.

Traditional Nomadic Culture

Mongolia’s nomadic culture is a living testament to the enduring spirit of a people deeply connected to the land. As you traverse the vast steppes and rolling hills, you’ll encounter nomadic families who welcome you with open arms, offering a glimpse into their age-old way of life. Share in their daily routines, learn the art of crafting traditional felt, and discover the profound bond between man and nature. This authentic immersion in Mongolia’s nomadic culture is a journey of a lifetime.

Naadam Festival: Mongolia’s Olympic Games

Experience the thrill of Mongolia’s Naadam Festival, often dubbed the “Three Manly Games.” This annual extravaganza celebrates the nation’s rich history through three major competitions: wrestling, horse racing, and archery. Witness the sheer strength and agility of the wrestlers as they grapple on the open field, marvel at the precision of archers hitting their marks, and feel the ground tremble as fearless jockeys race across the rugged terrains. The Naadam Festival is a vibrant spectacle of sportsmanship, tradition, and national pride that will leave you in awe.

Local Cuisine and Culinary Adventures

No Mongolian travel experience is complete without savoring the flavors of Mongolian cuisine. Indulge in a delectable journey filled with unique dishes like “buuz” (steamed dumplings), “khorkhog” (meat stew cooked with hot stones), and “airag” (fermented mare’s milk). As you relish these local delicacies, you’ll discover the rich history and nomadic influences that have shaped Mongolian cooking. For those with adventurous palates, the daring can even try “borts,” a type of air-dried meat, which has sustained nomads for centuries.

Your journey through Mongolia is an odyssey through history, heritage, and hospitality that will forever enchant your soul.

Read more: Christmas Markets: The Ultimate Guide To Festive Shopping And Fun

Experience Exciting Outdoor Activities in Mongolia Travel

From trekking through pristine wilderness to camel riding in the vast Gobi Desert, there’s something for every traveler seeking an unforgettable experience. Here are some must-try outdoor activities when you embark on your Mongolia travel adventure.

Trekking and Hiking in Mongolia

Mongolia’s untouched natural beauty beckons hikers and trekkers from around the world. With its vast expanses of unspoiled wilderness, including the Altai Mountains and the Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, Mongolia provides a stunning backdrop for your hiking and trekking adventures. Immerse yourself in the serenity of the steppe, marvel at pristine lakes, and encounter nomadic tribes as you explore the hidden gems of this unique destination.

Camel Riding in the Gobi Desert

A trip to Mongolia wouldn’t be complete without experiencing the Gobi Desert. The vast sand dunes, rocky cliffs, and wide-open spaces make it a camel rider’s paradise. Traverse the desert like a seasoned explorer on the back of these gentle giants and soak in the unmatched tranquility of the Gobi. As you ride across the arid landscape, you’ll encounter the nomadic culture and the timeless beauty of the desert’s changing hues.

Horseback Riding on the Steppes

Mongolia is renowned for its equestrian culture, and horseback riding on the endless steppes is an unparalleled adventure. Engage with the nomadic way of life as you gallop through the vast grasslands and experience the boundless freedom of the open terrain. Whether you’re a novice or an experienced rider, Mongolia offers a horseback riding experience like no other. It’s an opportunity to connect with the land and its people, forging a deeper connection with the heart of Mongolia.

Winter Sports and Adventures

Mongolia isn’t just a summer destination; it’s equally captivating in winter. The country’s snow-covered landscapes provide the perfect setting for a variety of winter sports and adventures. From dog sledding and ice fishing to skiing and snowboarding, Mongolia offers an array of exciting activities. The pristine snowscapes and the crisp winter air make this a wonderland for cold-weather enthusiasts.

Whatever your preference, Mongolia travel promises an unforgettable journey filled with captivating experiences amidst its stunning natural landscapes. So, pack your bags, and get ready to explore the uncharted beauty of Mongolia.

Exploring Mongolia: Safety and Health Tips for Your Journey

When embarking on an adventure to Mongolia, ensuring your safety and well-being should be a top priority. From the vast, untamed wilderness to the unique altitude and weather challenges, this pristine destination demands a level of preparation and precaution. In this guide, we will delve into key safety and health considerations for your Mongolian travel.

Health Precautions and Vaccinations

Before setting off on your Mongolian odyssey, it’s imperative to take some health precautions. Start by consulting your healthcare provider to ensure you are up to date on routine vaccinations. Additionally, inquire about travel-specific immunizations, such as those for Hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and rabies, depending on your itinerary.

Travelers should also pack a well-stocked medical kit, complete with essential supplies for minor injuries and common ailments. It’s wise to carry any prescription medications you may need for the duration of your trip and any extra, in case of unexpected delays.

**Staying Safe in the Wilderness**

Mongolia’s allure lies in its vast, untouched wilderness. While it promises unforgettable experiences, it also presents certain challenges. Here are some tips for staying safe in the Mongolian wilds:

  • Travel in a Group: Whenever possible, journey with a group or hire a local guide who knows the terrain. This not only enhances your experience but also ensures safety through local knowledge.
  • Pack Adequate Supplies: Mongolia’s remote regions may lack access to basic amenities. Be prepared by carrying enough food, water, and camping gear for your adventure.
  • Communicate Your Itinerary: Inform someone you trust about your travel plans, including your route and expected return date. This is vital in case of emergencies.
  • Wildlife Awareness: Mongolia is home to various wildlife species. Respect their territory and keep a safe distance. Make noise to alert them to your presence when needed.

Altitude and Weather Challenges

Mongolia’s terrain is diverse, with some regions reaching high altitudes. Altitude sickness can be a concern for travelers. To mitigate its effects:

  • Acclimatize Gradually: Take your time to adjust to higher altitudes, especially if you arrive from a lower elevation.
  • Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration at higher altitudes, which can exacerbate altitude sickness.
  • Dress in Layers: Mongolia’s weather can be extreme, with temperatures varying greatly. Dress in layers to adapt to changing conditions and stay warm.

By adhering to these health precautions and safety measures, your Mongolia travel experience will be not only unforgettable but also safe and enjoyable. Embrace the adventure, explore the wilderness, and savor the unique beauty of this enchanting destination.

Practical Tips for Your Mongolia Travel

When embarking on your exciting journey to Mongolia, it’s essential to be well-prepared to make the most of your adventure. Here are some practical tips to ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip to this enchanting destination.

Currency and Money Matters

Before you set foot in Mongolia, it’s wise to familiarize yourself with the local currency and money matters. The official currency is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT), and you’ll find it beneficial to exchange some currency at the airport or local banks upon arrival. Credit cards are not widely accepted, so carrying cash is essential, especially when traveling to remote areas. ATMs are available in larger cities but don’t rely solely on them.

Language and Communication

While exploring Mongolia, you’ll encounter the Mongolian language, which can be quite challenging for international travelers. Learning a few basic phrases and carrying a phrasebook can be immensely helpful in communicating with locals. English is becoming more prevalent, particularly in tourist areas, but don’t expect everyone to speak it fluently. Non-verbal communication and gestures can go a long way in bridging language barriers and connecting with the warm-hearted Mongolian people.

Photography Tips for Capturing Mongolia

Mongolia’s breathtaking landscapes, nomadic culture, and unique wildlife offer endless opportunities for capturing stunning photographs. Here are some photography tips to make the most of your experiences:

  • Golden Hours: The soft, warm light during sunrise and sunset enhances the beauty of Mongolia’s landscapes. Plan your photography outings during these golden hours for the best results.
  • Cultural Respect: When photographing Mongolian people, always ask for permission and respect their wishes if they decline. It’s a sign of courtesy and cultural sensitivity.
  • Wide Angles: Mongolia’s vast landscapes are best captured with wide-angle lenses. This allows you to showcase the grandeur of the open steppes and dramatic mountains.
  • Weather Preparations: Mongolia’s weather can be unpredictable. Pack camera protection against dust and moisture, as well as a sturdy tripod for stability in windy conditions.
  • Animal Encounters: Mongolia is famous for its wildlife, including wild horses and Bactrian camels. Approach these creatures with care and keep a safe distance. Use a telephoto lens to capture them in their natural habitats.

Enjoy your journey through the land of the eternal blue sky!


Q: What is the best time to visit Mongolia?

A: Summer is the best time to visit Mongolia when the weather is warm and sunny. However, winter can also be a beautiful time to visit, if you’re prepared for the cold weather.

Q: What are the must-see attractions in Mongolia?

A: Some of the must-see attractions in Mongolia include the Gobi Desert, Hustai National Park, and the Erdene Zuu Monastery.

Q: What is the currency of Mongolia?

A: The currency of Mongolia is the Mongolian tögrög (MNT).

Q: What is the official language of Mongolia?

A: The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian. However, Russian is also widely spoken.

Q: Do I need a visa to visit Mongolia?

A: Yes, most visitors need a visa to visit Mongolia. You can apply for a visa online or at a Mongolian embassy or consulate.


In conclusion, Mongolia travel offers an incredible opportunity to embrace the beauty and sustainability of this remarkable country. From the vast, untouched landscapes of the Gobi Desert to the timeless traditions of the nomadic people, Mongolia is a destination like no other. With its unique blend of culture and nature, it’s a place that will leave you awe-inspired.

As you embark on your next adventure to Mongolia, don’t forget to pack your Kosha’s winter wear. In a land of extreme temperatures and ever-changing weather, having the right clothing is essential. Kosha’s winter wear not only keeps you warm but also aligns with Mongolia’s commitment to sustainable and eco-friendly practices. So, gear up with Kosha and get ready to explore the enchanting wilderness of Mongolia.

Discover the magic of Mongolia travel with Kosha’s winter wear – your gateway to an unforgettable experience in one of the world’s most extraordinary destinations.

For any queries related to wearing thermals, base layers, or winter wear in general, visit Kosha’s store and get a free consultation! While you’re at it, check out Kosha’s website for the wide range of thermals and jackets available at Kosha.

This blog article is written by Kosha Team Member – Kauravki Bansode



Our history goes all the way back to early 50s. Prrem and Aloo Vazirani – an accomplished couple who chased after their wanderlust bug. She was a doctor, he was a businessman, and both were filled with a desire to explore the world.

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